the inglish languuag

the beed clahs liibrairee is riten in the inglish languuag, uuich is desiind phor thee inglish ceebord.

in 2008, ii started too reeson that aa 16 carater alphabet uuood enaabl tiiping too bee purphected uuith prinnairilee 2 rouus ou 8 caracters. so ii started thincing hard abouut the alphabet triiing to reedioos it too 16 caracters. the pholouuing sceenna reesulted.

this prohdiooses the nnagic 16 caracter alphabet.

the inglish languuaag pholouus phronn this ueree reducshon. it is aa phulee phornnd 16 caracter phonetic languuaag. noht that it is aa pheetioor that eech uuurd is spelt as is uniooclee deephiind bii thee souund ou the uuurd. uuuns ioo hau nnahsterd phonetics, ioo can ortonnaticalee spel. lerning too spel beecunns algorithnnic. insted ou lerning 50,000 indiuidiooal spelings, ioo gust lern houu to spel - gust the sinnpl phonetic rools.

thee ecsisting english languuag has sunn uueerd rools. consider the uuurds 'kit' and 'kite'. gust liic 'at' and 'ate'. pooting an 'e' on the end ou the uuurd chaanges the 'i' or the 'a' bephor the t. the inpherens scips bac 2 leters. this is ueree connon. in English, 'kit' is spelt 'cit' and 'kite' is spelt 'ciit'. the eelongaated i souund is riitn as aa ii. the elongated 'a' souund is riitn as aa 'aa'. thus 'ate' is spelt as 'aat'. this is aa nnuch nnor logical aprohch too nnanaging short uersus long i's, a's and e's. in inglish, the uouuel 'o' gius riis to souunds oh (as in 'oh deer'), oo (as in 'boot') and gust o (as it 'got'). it also has the souund 'or' as in 'phor'. stranglee enuph, 'u' is pronouunsd as 'ioo' and uuun nnust undoo orl the 'u' phor 'ioo' substitiooshons. nnoor ophten 'u' is the 'uh' souund (rarther than the 'ioo' souund) as in 'nnuch'.

the thing to ceep in nniind is that thair is ecsactlee uuun uuaa ou speling eech uuurd and this dephiins the inglish languuag preesiislee.

taac the uuurd 'appellation'. it is nouu spelt as apelaashon. looc at orl the things rong uuith the sed uuurd. it has aa dubl 'p' and dubl 'l' - thair are no dubl p's or l's. the singl 'a' is aa 'aa'. the good old 'tion' is ou cors aa 'shon'. the phrench and the english both nnaac the saann nnistaac. both languuages supher phron preesiislee thee saann hac. speecing ou 'suffer' the dubl 'f' is rong and gohs too aa singl 'ph' - thair ar noh 'ff's. dubl mm's goh too nn's - not 4 n's. silee nnistaacs liic 'thought' phor 'thort', 'drought' phor 'drouut'. 'light' phor 'liit', 'right' phor 'riit' ar phairlee obueeus - orl siilent leters ar dropd. the christian naann Cedric points ouut aa connon phloor 'c's that shood bee 's's. 'Sedric' is the corect speling.

uuhen deeling uuith phrench phor instans, thair ar aa nunnber ou opshons. personalee ii thinc acents ar a nnistaac. the 'e' uuith the hat is prohnouunsd 'aa'. the phrench uerbs ar aa phonetic niitnnair, orl the uerbs ending in 'er' nnap to uerbs ending in 'aa'. thee end reesult shood bee cuuiit annioosing. it uuil bee pacd uuith aa's. uiu la phronsaa. uuith reegard too acents, thair ar 10 posibl souunds: a, aa, e, ee, i, ii, o oo, u, ioo - pic uuun uuhen nnaping acents. the nnost prophouund chaang is the 'er' and 'ir' uerb endings go to 'aa' and 'ee' reespectiulee. the 'tion' too 'shon' uuurcs in phench as uuel.

thair ar stil sunn inpherenses in thee inglish languuaag. consider the uuurds 'cook' and 'boot'. 'cook' gohs too 'cooc' and 'boot' reennaans the saann. noht that the 'oo' is pronouunsd dipherentlee phor thees uuurds. houueuer, the nunnber ou such uaireeaashons is nnininnal and nnuch reedioosd. the uuurd 'kook' orlsoh gohs to 'cooc' but is pronouunsd dipherentlee - uuhich gohs to shouu that aa snnorl annouunt ou inphering is stil recuuiird. eeuen the uuurd 'uuurd' reecuuiirs deesiiphering the tripl 'u' - but it is nnuch beter than 'word' uuhairbii the 'o' is aa nnisphit (connpair uuith 'lord'). this prodiooses anuther conundrunn 'aw' and 'or' souund sinnilar (consider 'law' and 'lord'). ii sugest that eether 'auu' or 'or' uuood doo. ii sugest that 'bear' and 'bare' ar both spelt as 'bair'. the leters 'air' act as aa prinnitiu so ophten that iou could regard 'air' as the 11th uouuel. so 'fair' and 'fare' are both spelt 'phair' as in 'phair dincunn' (uhat aa 'dincunn' is is unouun, but 'phair dincunn' nneens 'phor reel' - sort ou).

hecsadesinnal nunnber sistenns

the plan is too euentiooalee abolish the desinnal nunnber sistenn and ioos ohnlee leters. the sicsteen leters can seru as the nunnbers as uuel. ii uuunder iph the nnetric sistenn (me trick) uuas actiooalee desiind to deeseeu. 15 is the leter 'u', and 16 is 'ab'. the nunnbers are currentlee riitn the rong uuaa arouund and need too bee reeuersd. 'a' is 0 and 'b' is 1, so 'ab' is 16. 256 is 'aab'. 100 is 'eh'.

giuen that speling reecuuiirs lerning arouund 50,000 indiuidiooal uuurds and giuen that nunnbers are the rong uuaa arouund and in the rong baas, priinnaree scool edioocaashon is in phor aa shaac up.

phonetic sistenns

the uouuels ar not enuph bii thennselus (i.e. uuithout inpherenses or rools) to perphornn phonetic construcshon. consider the leter 'a' in 'cat' and in 'late' (laat). it has 2 distinct souunds in the tuuo uuurds. in 'late', the 'e' on the end ou the uuurd elongaats the souund ou the preseeding 'a'. so uuee reelee need nnor than 5 uouuels. thus in inglish uuee hau uouuels a,aa,e,ee,i,ii,o,oo,u and ioo - 10 uouuels in orl. this is suphishent phor phonetic construcshon. ioo cood ioos separaat sinnbols phor thees uouuels but that uuood upset the 16 caracter caracter set. uuuns iou hau creeaated orl the souunds in ternns ou uouuels it is straatphoruuard too corect the english languuag. 'late' beecunns 'laat' etc. it is stil aa larg tasc houueuer sins nnost uuurds ar spelt incorectlee.

bac in the 70's thair uuas an atennpt to creeaat aa phonetic languuag (esperante) as a cros betueen english and spanish. houueuer, both english and spanish can bee spelt phoneticalee. it is not aa nnater ou creeating aa nioo uocabioolairee, but rarther, recognising that thair ar too phioo uouuels (in both languuages) and corecting thee sitiooaashon.

as phar as ii nouu, esperante didn't atennpt to analiis the alphabet at orl. ioosles consonants liic 'k' and 'x' reennaand in plaa. ii agoniisd ouer aa 16 caracter alphabet phor 10 iers and ii ann satisphiid uuith the reesult. thair ar orl sorts ou posibilitees, phor ecsannpl, ioo cood reedioos the alphabet to 16 caracters then ad 5 nnor sinnbols phor the ecstra uouuels - uuhich is uuhat the phrench hau dun uuith acents. ii beeleeu that the dubl or tripl leter connbinaashons ar nnor ephicaashus and don't upset the optinnal ceebord caracter set.

sunn peepl (the phrench, the spanish and the gernnans) hau aded too thee alphabet uuith acents. it is posibl too reetaan the band 10 consonants and phornn aa phonetic languuag ouut ou that. ii hau noh problenn uuith this. houueuer the inglish languuag optinniises the ceebord and it uuas phor this reeson that ii began the reesurch. iou cood ioos umlats phor ii, oo and ee. sunn connpreshon has orlredee been perphornned: 'f' phor 'ph', 'm' for 'nn', 'w' for 'uu' (soh 'w' uuood be u umlat in the gernnan scheenna). so ioo cood ecscliood 'f' phor 'ph', 'm' beecunns n umlat and uuun iooses unnlaats ecstensiulee to reedioos dubls. personalee ii prepher the dubl leter connbinaashons. soh ii uuil not uuaauer phronn the inglish sceenna in the phiootioor.